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Rating of US politicians on animal rights issues
Diversity and Animal Liberation
identification, protection, and enhancement of sustainable systems in
which all life can co-exist is critical for our future.
Genetic manipulation of species to produce transgenic animals should be
We believe in fostering an appreciation and respect for plant life in
its undisturbed state. We encourage the replanting of indigenous plant
life where it has dwindled or been lost. And we believe that
non-indigenous plants should be imported only after careful review of
the impact on indigenous ecosystems.
preference for healthy, hardy native plants, we discourage the
production of high-tech hybrid seeds with no evolutionary
development-seeds that have low resistance to disease and require heavy
application of petroleum-based chemicals.
of continuum and ecosystems
We believe that the use of herbicides, pesticides, and other toxic
agricultural chemicals should be phased out. Petrochemical-based
agribusiness and livestock raising should be abolished in favor of use
of natural organic wastes and compost.
should be taken to eliminate predator control on public lands, including
the reintroduction of native predators where that would contribute to a
viable ecosystem. We maintain that state and federal wildlife agencies
should focus on preserving and re-establishing habitat for wild animals,
instead of practicing game species management for maximum sustainable
of native animals and plants in their natural surroundings must be given
priority over economic development plans. Where possible, native species
should be reintroduced to areas from which they have been eradicated.
drainage of wetlands and development of shore areas must be stopped
call on the U.S. government to act aggressively to end the international
trade in wildlife and goods produced from exotic and/or endangered
We support the developing network of public access to seed banks, with
an emphasis on traditional, indigenous seeds.
also support the land trust movement, which can ensure that large,
complete ecosystems (in perpetual wilderness states) provide a
hospitable home in which the individual and collective flora can thrive.
the U.S. government should take steps to prevent further destruction of
wilderness, such as rain forests.
is needed to expand public germplasm banks and genetic preserves. In
addition, companies holding private seed stock should be required to
make it available to the public germplasm banks and to return older,
open-pollinating varieties to the market. Farmers in the Third World
should be encouraged and supported to continue growing remaining
should also encourage a broader range of cultivated fruit, vegetable,
and grain varieties, similar to the diversity that existed early in this
century before seed companies came into existence.
support ethical and humane treatment of animals and ecologically sound
utilization of plants for food or decoration, while recognizing the
value of their species' existence and the integrity of the biotic
communities to which they belong.
Although we have not yet answered the question of whether animal
experimentation is ever a necessary or appropriate medical tool, we are
confident that the claims of the medical establishment cannot be
accepted at face value. A substantial body of evidence suggests not only
that effective alternative testing methods exist, but that a different
overall philosophy might ultimately be far more effective and safer in
promoting human health.
call on the government to fund projects to develop and promote
non-animal technologies where they do not exist, with the hope that
animal experimentation may be eliminated. As animal experimentation is
phased out, the billions of dollars disbursed annually by the National
Institutes of Health for animal experiments could be rechanneled into
direct health care, preventive medicine, and biomedical research using
non-animal tests and procedures. In the meantime, procedural mechanisms
must be established to allow for greater public scrutiny of all
research. Areas to be examined include the welfare of laboratory animals
and the wasteful public funding of unnecessary research.
believe that the use of animals in cosmetics and household product
testing, tobacco and alcohol testing, psychological testing, classroom
demonstration and dissection, and weapons development or other military
programs must be outlawed immediately.
call for government labeling of products, clearly stating whether they
have been tested on animals.
education programs currently administered by the U.S.
of Agriculture (USDA) should be handled by an agency charged with
promoting public health rather than with promoting the interests of
agribusiness. The benefits of vegetarianism for the environment, the
alleviation of world hunger, and personal health should be taught in all
public health education programs. Vegetarian meals should be made
available at all government and public institutions, including primary
and secondary schools.
oppose factory farming, feedlots, inhumane treatment of food animals,
and the use of hormones, antibiotics, or other chemicals such as
genetically engineered compounds (for example, bovine somatotropin in
cows). We do not oppose small-scale homestead livestock raising done in
humane and environmentally sound ways. Steps should be taken to begin
phasing out intensive confinement systems of livestock production (also
called factory farming), which causes severe physical and psychological
suffering for animals kept in overcrowded and unnatural conditions.
believe that the export of live farm animals for overseas slaughter
should be banned, and that the domestic transportation and slaughter of
animals should be regulated to ensure humane treatment. To accomplish
these goals, responsibility for enforcement of animal welfare
legislation must be transferred from the USDA to an agency created to
protect animals and the environment.
oppose trophy, vanity, sport, and recreational hunting, fishing, and
trapping. We do not oppose hunting and fishing that contributes to
personal subsistence, but commercial trapping and fur ranching should be
eliminated. We call for an end to the use of furs, while recognizing
Western society's responsibility to support alternative livelihoods,
where ecologically sound, for native people and others who rely on
trapping for subsistence.
favor the human-animal interaction made possible by companion animals.
We oppose commercial breeding, however, because of the massive
suffering, overpopulation, and ill health it promotes. Spay and neuter
clinics should be subsidized by state and municipal governments in order
to combat an ever-worsening pet overpopulation problem, which leads to
the euthanasia of millions of animals every year.
call for intensive education on the abuse and exploitation of animals in
entertainment and sports such as horse and dog racing, dog and cock
fighting, fox hunting, hare coursing, rodeos, circuses, and other
spectacles, in order to bring such activities to an end.
also call for a critical reappraisal of the use of animals in
quasi-educational institutions such as zoos and aquariums.
The full diversity of natural habitats in ecosystems must be maintained
to ensure the continued health of all plant species, both for the sake
of the species themselves and for the continuance of all life.
therefore support policies that will preserve the maximum biological
diversity by preserving all extant wild areas in their natural state,
with provision for native subsistence cultures that depend on hunting,
gathering, and herding using traditional methods, sustainable
agriculture, and alternative small-scale human communities living within
their means according to time-tested ecological principles of
sustainability, self-regulation, cooperative interdependence,
appropriate scale, and diversity.
are committed to the protection and restoration of endangered species
and their local populations and to the eradication of all threats to
nonendangered species and their habitats.
this reason, all policies and practices regarding human settlement,
food, energy, natural resources, water (fresh and saline), coastal
development, and industrialization must be restructured to prevent
further incursions on the ability of non-human ecosystems to evolve in a