[CNN - opinion]
Forty years ago, I stood with a few other students in a busy Oxford
street handing out leaflets protesting the use of battery cages to
hens. Most of those who took the leaflets did not know that their
came from hens kept in cages so small that even one bird � the
normally housed four � would be unable to fully stretch and flap
wings. The hens could never walk around freely, or lay eggs in a
Many people applauded our youthful idealism, but told us that we had
no hope of ever changing a major industry. They were wrong.
On the first day of 2012, keeping hens in such cages became illegal,
not only in the United Kingdom, but in all 27 countries of the
Union. Hens can still be kept in cages, but they must have
and the cages must have nest boxes and a scratching post.
members of the British Hen Welfare Trust provided a new
home for a hen
they named �Liberty.� She was, they said, among the
last hens in Britain
still living in the type of cages we had opposed.
In the early 1970�s, when the modern animal-liberation movement began,
no major organization was campaigning against the battery cage. The
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the mother of
animal-protection organizations, had lost its early radicalism
before. It focused on isolated cases of abuse, and failed to
well-established ways of mistreating animals on farms or in
It took a concerted effort by the new animal radicals of
the 1970�s to
stir the RSPCA from its complacency towards the battery
cage and other
forms of intensive animal rearing.