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Ethics or Using Animals in Biomedical Research (New York: Oxford
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This study was researched and written by a working party
convened by Britain's Institute of Medical Ethics consisting of eighteen
scientists, medical researchers, and philosophers.
David DeGrazia and Andrew Rowan "Pain, Suffering and Anxiety in Animals
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Patrick Bateson, "Assessment of Pain in Animals," Animal Behavior
Margaret Rose and David Adams, "Evidence for Pain and Suffering in Other
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Changes (New York: Chapman and Hall, 1989), pp. 42-71.