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Assessing the necessity of chimpanzee experimentation

On December 15th, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released Chimpanzees in Biomedical and Behavioral Research: Assessing the Necessity. The report responded to a National Institutes of Health request for expert guidance on the scientific need to use chimpanzees within such research.

The IOM committee concluded that most current use of chimpanzees for biomedical research β€” including RSV vaccine, therapeutic hepatitis C (HCV) vaccine, and HCV antiviral drug development β€” is not warranted, except for two limited research uses: for monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and in prophylactic HCV vaccines. The committee stated, β€œit will be very difficult to defend the necessity of nearly all current biomedical research on chimpanzees.” However, it stopped short of recommending an outright ban (Altevogt et al 2011).


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