Environmentalists hail victory as Japanese firms quit whaling
Apr 3, 206

TOKYO (AFP) - Environmentalists have hailed a victory as key Japanese firms quit the whaling business after a pressure campaign, although the government vowed no change to its controversial annual hunt.

Fishing giant Nissui and four other firms that have owned whaling company Kyodo Senpaku will "soon donate" all of their shareholdings in the firm to public interest corporations, a Kyodo Senpaku spokesman said on Monday.

Its new shareholders will include the Institute of Cetacean Research, the Japanese government-backed agency promoting whaling.

Environmental group Greenpeace had launched a letter campaign and threatened to blacklist non-whale products distributed worldwide by Nissui.

The whaling exit marks a rare victory for environmentalists in Japan, which has ignored years of angry protests elsewhere in the world and last year doubled its annual whale kill in the Antarctic.

"This decision completely demolishes the commercial foundation of the Japanese whaling industry," Greenpeace campaigns manager Danny Kennedy said in a statement.

"It is clear that even in Japan the message is getting through that whaling is bad for business, leaving the Japanese government trying to restart an industry that no one wants a part of," he said.

Nissui -- Japan's second-largest seafood company owning shares in New Zealand-based Sealord and Gorton's of the United States -- said it would stop distributing and selling whale meat.

"When our stockpile runs out, we will stop producing canned whale meat, which is our sole whale-related production and a very small portion of our business," a Nissui spokesman said.

Asked if the decision was influenced by the Greenpeace campaign, the spokesman only said: "We have no comment on anything related to Greenpeace statements."

But the Japanese government, which accuses Western anti-whaling campaigners of not respecting the national culture, vowed to press on.

"The transfer of the shares in the whaling firm will not affect our policies at all," said Hideki Moronuki, an official in charge of whaling for Japan's Fisheries Agency.

"Rather, we welcome the move," he said. "From now on, whaling will be regarded as something backed by all of Japan, not just a particular group in the private sector."

Kyodo Senpaku, which owned and operated the whaling fleet that was constantly harassed by environmentalists during its expedition from December in the Antarctic, also said there would be no change in schedule.

"Under the new regime, we are committed to redouble our efforts so that we can better contribute to the further development of the research and promoting sustainable utilization of whale resources," a company official said.

Japan uses a 1986 loophole in the international moratorium on commercial whaling that allows the killing of whales for research, but it makes no secret of the fact that the meat ends up on dinner tables.

Whale meat has a sentimental value in Japan. It helped feed the nation as it rebuilt from the ashes of World War II.

But environmentalists say the hunt is cruel and risks bringing whales to extinction. They point to a glut of whale on the Japanese market, where an increasing number of schools are introducing whale meat on school lunches.

The whaling dispute has put Japan at odds with many of its closest political allies such as Australia, European Union nations and the United States.

Japan is campaigning for a full-scale return to commercial catches, saying whale stocks have recovered sufficiently during the 19-year ban.

Japan last year said it would nearly double its annual kill to about 850 minke whales and extend its hunt to whales considered endangered.


'Victory' over Japanese whalers
Chris Hogg
BBC News, Tokyo

Japan insists that efforts to hunt whales will be redoubled Environmentalists in Japan are claiming a rare victory after five key private companies quit the whaling business following a pressure campaign.

The firms said they will transfer their shares in the country's largest whaling fleet to public interest corporations.

Greenpeace claims it is global pressure from consumers that has forced the financial backers to pull out.

But the companies deny this and Japan's government says the transfer of shares will not affect its policies.

The companies own shares in a firm which operates seven of the eight ships in Japan's whaling fleet.

The new shareholders will include the Japanese government agency that promotes whaling. On the face of it this will not change much.

The Japanese fleet will continue to hunt for whales. But environmentalists insist this is a victory.

Pressure point

One of the private firms that is dumping its shares is a huge Japanese fishing company called Nissui.

Three months ago campaigners in Australia, New Zealand, Argentina and the United States began to put pressure on its subsidiaries, protesting against the parent company's connection with whaling.

Although Nissui like the other four firms says the campaign has nothing to do with its decision to pull out of the business, a statement from one of its subsidiaries expressed hope that it would shift the demonstrators' focus from the company.

Greenpeace activists, who harassed the Japanese whaling fleet earlier this year, said they had taken the fight from the high seas to the supermarket shelves.

Japan insists that efforts to hunt whales will be redoubled. From now on, whaling will be seen as something backed by the whole of Japan, not just private firms, an official said.