What are appropriate books and
periodicals to read for more information on AR issues?
93. What organizations can I join to support AR?
94. Can you give a brief Who's Who of the AR movement?
95. What can I do in my daily life to help animals?
96. I have read this FAQ and I am not convinced. Humans are
humans, animals are animals; is it so difficult to see that?
AR Literature ,
#92 What are appropriate
books and periodicals to read for more information on AR issues?
There are hundreds of books that could be recommended. We provide only
a sampling of books and periodicals below. Please refer to question #94
for further book references and reviews. Space limitations forced
us to avoid children's books. Refer to the guide books listed for full
Animal Production and Factory Farming
"Animal Factories", Jim Mason and Peter Singer, AAVS, 801
Old York Rd, Suite 204, Jenkintown, PA 19046-1685, $12.95. Facts and
photos on farms that mass produce animals for meat, milk, and eggs.
"Factory Farming: The Experiment That Failed", Animal Welfare
Institute,P.O. Box 3650, Washington, DC 20007. Fact-packed indictment
of factory-farming on welfare and economic grounds. 
"Waste of the West: Public Lands Ranching", Lynn Jacobs,
P.O. Box 5784, Tucson, AZ 85703.
"Do Hens Suffer in Battery Cages?", Michael Appleby, The
Athene Trust, 5a Charles St, Petersfield, Hants GU32 3EH. Scientific
evidence of hen suffering. 
"Alternative to Factory Farming", Paul Carnell, Earth Resources
Research Publishers, London. Factory farming challenged on economic
"Chicken and Egg: Who pays the price?", Clare Druce, Green
Print Publishers, London. A criticism of the poultry industry. 
"Taking Stock: Animal Farming and The Environment", Alan
Durning and Holly Brough, Worldwatch Paper 103, WorldWatch Institute,
1776 Mass. Avenue N.W., Washington, DC 20036-1904. The environmental
cost of animal farming. 
"Assault and Battery", Mark Gold, Pluton Publishers, London.
Effects of farming on animals, humans and the environment. 
"Animal Machines", Ruth Harrison, Vincent Stuart Publishers,
London. The first book on factory farming. 
"Facts about Furs", G. Nilsson, et. al., Animal Welfare
Institute, (op. cit.). On fur-farming and trapping. 
"Pulling the Wool", Christine Townend, Hale and Ironmonger
Publishers, Sydney, Australia. The Australian wool and sheep industry.
Animal Rights History
"All Heaven in a Rage", E. S. Turner. Provides a history
of the animal protection movement up to the 1960's. 
"Animal Warfare", David Henshaw, Fontana Publishers, London.
The rise of direct action for Animal Rights. 
"History of the Humane Movement", Charles D. Niven, Johnson
Publishers, London. From antiquity to today. 
"Animal Revolution", Richard Ryder, Blackwell Publishers,
Oxford. Overview of the history of AW and AR movements. 
"The Animal Liberation Movement: Its Philosophy, Its Achievements
and Its Future", Peter Singer, Old Hammond Press Publishers, Nottingham,
"Man and the Natural World", Keith Thomas, Penguin, London.
History from 1500 AD to 1800 AD. 
Animal Rights Legislation
"Animals and their Legal Rights", The Animal Welfare Institute,
Washington D.C. 
"Animal Rights, Human Wrongs", S. Jenkins, Lennard Publishings,
Harpenden, UK. An RSPCA officer's experiences demonstrate the lack of
adequate animal legislation. 
"Up against the Law", J. J. Roberts, Arc Print, London.
1986 Public Order Act and its implications for Animal Rights protests.
"Animals and Cruelty and Law", Noel Sweeney, Alibi, Bristol
UK. A practicing barrister argues for Animal Rights from the legal standpoint.
Animal Rights Philosophy
"The Case for Animal Rights", Tom Regan, University of
California Press. 
"The Struggle for Animal Rights", Tom Regan, International
Society for Animal Rights, Inc., Clarks Summit, PA. 
"Animal Liberation", Peter Singer, PETA Merchandise, P.O.
Box 42400, Washington, D.C. 20015, $3.00 post-paid. The book that popularized
Animal Rights. [1975, 1990]
"In Defense of Animals", Peter Singer.
"Animals' Rights", Henry Salt, AAVS (op. cit.), $6.95.
Written a century ago, a true classic, anticipates many of today's arguments.
"No Room, Save in the Heart: Poetry and Prose on Reverence for
Life--Animals, Nature and Humankind", Ann Cottrell Free, AAVS (op.
"The Unheeded Cry: Animal Consciousness, Animal Pain and Science",
Bernard Rollin. 
"Created from Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism",
James Rachels. 
"Morals, Reason and Animals, Steve Sapontzis. 
"Political Theory and Animal Rights", Clarke and Lindzey
(Eds.). This book provides interesting excepts from thinkers since Plato
to Regan on the issue of our relations and duties towards animals. 
"The Nature of the Beast: Are Animals Moral?", Stephen
"Animals, Men and Morals", Godlovitch et. al. 
"Fettered Kingdoms", John Bryant, Fox Press Publishers,
Winchester. Includes a well-known indictment of pet keeping. 
"The Moral Status of Animals", Stephen Clark, Oxford University
Press Publishers, Oxford. The roots of humans' treatment of animals
in sentimental fantasy. 
"The Savour of Salt--A Henry Salt Anthology", G. and W.
Hendrick, Centaur Press Publishers, Fontwell. 
"Animals and Why They Matter: A Journey Around the Species Barrier",
Mary Midgley, Penguin Publishers, London. 
"Beast and Man", Mary Midgley, Harvester Press Publishers,
"Animal Rights--A Symposium", David Paterson and Richard
Ryder, Centaur Press Publishers, Fontwell. 
"Inhumane Society: The American Way of Exploiting Animals",
Michael W. Fox, St. Martins Press, New York. 
"The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical
Theory", Carol J. Adams. 
"Rape of the Wild: Man's Violence against Animals and the Earth",
Andree Collard with Joyce Contrucci. 
"The Dreaded Comparison: Human and Animal Slavery", Marjorie
Spiegel, Mirror Books, NY. 
Animal Rights Theology
"Christianity and the Rights of Animals", Andrew Linzey,
Crossroad, New York. 
"Animal Sacrifices -- Religious Perspectives on the Use of Animals
in Science", Tom Regan (Ed.), Temple University Press, PA. 
Circuses, Rodeos, and Zoos
The Rose-Tinted Menagerie", William Johnson, PETA (op. cit.),
$16.50. Describes behind-the-scenes action in circuses, aquariums, and
"Animals in Circuses and Zoos--Chiron's World?", Marthe
Kiley-Worthington, Little Eco Farms Publishing, Basildon, UK. Investigation
into the treatment of animals by zoos and circuses. 
"The Last Great Wild Beast Show", Bill Jordan and Stefan
Ormrod, Constable Publishers, London. How animals are snatched from
the wild to be shipped to zoos worldwide. 
"Beyond the Bars", Virginia McKenna, William Travers, Jonathan
Wray (eds.), Thorsons Publishers, Wellingborough, UK. The immorality
of animal captivity. 
"Diet for a New America", John Robbins, PETA (op. cit.),
$12.50 post-paid. Examines problems with animal-based food systems with
solutions, info on the link between diet and disease.
"Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic", V. Moran, American Vegan
Society, NJ, USA. Exploration of veganism: its roots in eastern and
western philosophy. 
"Food: Need, Greed and Myopia", G. Yates, Earthright, Ryton
UK. World food problem seen from a vegetarian/vegan standpoint. 
"Radical Vegetarianism", Mark Braunstein, Panjandrum Books,
Los Angeles. 
Guides, Handbooks, and Reference
"Save the Animals! 101 Easy Things You Can Do", Ingrid
Newkirk, PETA (op. cit.), $4.95.
"67 Ways to Save the Animals", Anna Sequoia, Harper Perennial,
"The Animal Rights Handbook -- Everyday Ways to Save Animal
Lives", Berkley Books, New York, $4.50. 
"PETA's Shopping Guide for Caring Consumers", PETA (op.
cit.), $4.95. A must have! Lists names and addresses of cruelty-free
"Keyguide to Information Sources in Animal Rights", Charles
R.Magel, AAVS (op. cit.), $24.95.
"A Shopper's Guide to Cruelty-Free Products", Lori Cook,
Bantam Books, New York, $4.99. 
"Animal Rights: A Beginner's Guide", Amy Achor, Writeware
Inc., Yellow Springs, OH, $14.95. 
"The PETA Guide to Action for Animals", PETA (op. cit.),
"The Extended Circle: A Commonplace Book of Animal Rights",
Wynne-Tyson (Ed.). Provides hundreds of quotes and short excepts from
thinkers throughout history. 
"The Animal-Free Shopper", R. Farhall, R. Lucas, and A.
Rofe A. (Eds.), The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St. Leonards on Sea,
East Sussex, TN37 7AA, UK. 
"The Animal Welfare Handbook", C. Clough and B. Kew, 4th
Estate, London, UK 
Laboratory Animals and Product Testing
"Vivisection and Dissection in the Classroom: A Guide to Conscientious
Objection", Gary L. Francione and Anna E. Charlton, AAVS (op. cit.),
$7.95. Legal citings, sample pleadings, and letters.
"Animals in Education: The Facts, Issues and Implications",
Lisa Ann Hepner, Richmond Publishers, Albuquerque NM. 
"Entering the Gates of Hell: Laboratory Cruelty You Were Not
Meant to See", Brian Gunn, AAVS (op. cit.), $10.00.
"Animal Experimentation: The Consensus Changes", Gill Langley
(Ed.), MacMillan Publishers, London. Collection of essays outlining
the change in morality. 
"Slaughter of the Innocent", Hans Ruesch, Civitas Publications,
Swaine, NY. 
"Naked Empress: The Great Medical Fraud", Hans Ruesch,
CIVIS, Klosters, Switzerland. Why vivisection is a major cause of human
"Victims of Science: The Use of Animals in Research", Richard
Ryder, National Anti-Vivisection Society, Centaur Press Publishers,
Fontwell. Classic denunciation of vivisection. 
"The Cruel Deception: The Use of Animals in Medical Research",
Robert Sharpe, Thorsons Publishers, Wellingborough, UK. Detailed study
of the barbarity and uselessness of vivisection. 
"Free the Animals!", Ingrid Newkirk, PETA (op. cit.), $14.00.
Story of the Animal Liberation Front in America.
"Animals Magazine", 350 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02130.
"The Animals' Agenda", P.O. Box 6809, Syracuse, NY 13217-9953.
"Animal People", P.O. Box 205, Shushan, NY 12873.
"The Animals' Voice", P.O. Box 341-347, Los Angeles, CA
"Between the Species", P.O. Box 254, Berkeley, CA 94701.
"Bunny Hugger's Gazette", P.O. Box 601, Temple, TX 76503-0601.
"The Politics of Extinction", L. Regenstein, Collier-Macmillan,
London. Classic denunciation of the wildlife carnage. 
"Wildlife and the Atom", L. Veal, London Greenpeace, 5
Caledonian Road, London N1 9DX, UK. The use of animals by the nuclear
SEE ALSO: #1,
Back to Questions
#93 What organizations
can I join to support AR?
There are hundreds of AR-related organizations scattered around the
globe. In addition, there are many vegetarian and vegan groups. This FAQ
is already too long to list all of these groups. This FAQ gives only AR-related
groups in the United States and the United Kingdom. Later editions of
the FAQ may cover other countries. For a full listing of vegetarian and
vegan groups worldwide, refer to the excellent FAQs maintained by Michael
Traub (Internet address firstname.lastname@example.org).
The following data on US organizations comes from the book "The
Animal Rights Handbook", Berkley Books, New York, 1993, ISBN 0-425-13762-7.
UNITED STATES -- Multi-Issue
Alliance for Animals, P.O. Box 909, Boston, MA 02103
American Humane Association, 63 Inverness Drive East, Englewood, CO 80112-5117
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), 424
E. 92nd St., New York, NY 10128
Animal Allies, P.O. Box 35063, Los Angeles, CA 90035
Animal Liberation Network, P.O. Box 983, Hunt Valley, MD 21030
Animal Protection Institute of America, P.O. Box 22505, Sacramento, CA
Animal Rights Mobilization, P.O. Box 1553, Williamsport, PA 17703
Animal Welfare Institute, P.O. Box 3650, Washington, DC 20007
Citizens to End Animal Suffering and Exploitation (CEASE), P.O. Box 27,
Cambridge, MA 02238
Defenders of Animals, P. O. Box 5634, Weybosset Hill Station, Providence,
RI 02903, (401) 738-3710
Doris Day Animal League (DDAL), 227 Massachusetts Ave. NE, Suite 100,
Washington, DC 20002
Focus on Animals, P.O. Box 150, Trumbull, CT 06611
Friends of Animals, P.O. Box 1244, Norwalk, CT 06856
The Fund for Animals, 200 West 57th St., New York, NY 10019
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), 501 Front Street,
Norfolk, VA 23510
World Society for the Protection of Animals, 29 Perkins St., P.O. Box
190, Boston, MA 02130
The Anti-Cruelty Society, 157 W. Grand Ave., Chicago, IL 60616 Massachusetts
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (MSPCA), 350 S. Huntington
Ave., Boston, MA 02130
Progressive Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), 15305 44th Ave. W, P.O. Box
1037, Lynnwood, WA 98046
San Francisco Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SFSPCA),
2500 16th St., San Francisco, CA 94103
Sports and Entertainment
Committee to Abolish Sport Hunting, P.O. Box 44, Tomkins Cove, NY 10986
Performing Animal Welfare Society, 11435 Simmerhorn Rd., Galt, CA 95632
Food Animal Concerns Trust (FACT), P.O. Box 14599, Chicago, IL 60614
Farm Animals Reform Movement (FARM), 10101 Ashburton Lane, Bethesda, MD
Farm Sanctuary, PO Box 150, Watkins Glen, NY 14891
Humane Farming Association, 1550 California Street, Suite 6, San Francisco,
United Animal Defenders, Inc., P.O. Box 33086, Cleveland, OH 44133
United Poultry Concerns, PO Box 59367, Potomac, MD 20889
Alternatives to Animals, P.O. Box 7177, San Jose, CA 95150
American Anti-Vivisection Society, 801 Old York Rd., Suite 204, Jenkintown,
In Defense of Animals, 21 Tamal Vista Blvd., No. 140, Corte Madera, CA
Last Chance for Animals, 18653 Venture Blvd., No. 356, Tarzana, CA 91356
National Anti-Vivisection Society, 53 W.Jackson Blvd., Suite 1550, Chicago,
New England Anti-Vivisection Society, 333 Washinton St., Boston, MA 02135
Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF), 1363 Lincoln Ave., San Raphael, CA 94901
Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights, 15 Dutch St., Suite 500-A,
New York, NY 10038
National Association of Nurses Against Vivisection, P.O. Box 42110, Washington,
Physician's Committee for Responsible Medicine, P.O. Box 6322, Washington,
Psychologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, P.O. Box 1297, Washington
Grove, MD 20880-1297
Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, 4805 St. Elmo Ave., Bethesda, MD
Scientists Group for Reform of Animal Experimentation, 147-01 3rd Ave.,
Whitestone, NY 11357
Committee for Humane Legislation, 30 Haviland, South Norwalk, CT 06856
The National Alliance for Animal Legislation, P.O. Box 75116, Washington,
United Action for Animals, 205 E. 42nd St., New York, NY 10017
Marine Life Preservation
American Cetacean Society, P.O. Box 2639, San Pedro, CA 90731
Center for Marine Conservation, 1725 DeSales St., NW, Washington, DC 20036
Greenpeace, P.O. Box 3720, 1436 U St., NW, Washinton, DC 20007
Marine Mammal Fund, Fort Mason Center, Bldg. E, San Francisco, CA 94123
Defenders of Wildlife, 1244 19th St., NW, Washington, DC 20036
Earth Island Institute, 300 Broadway, Suite 28, San Francisco, CA 94133
International Fund for Animal Welfare, P.O. Box 193, Yarmouth Port, MA
Rainforest Action Network, 301 Broadway, Suite A, San Francisco, CA 94133
Wildlife Information Center, Inc., 629 Green St., Allentown, PA 18102
American Horse Protection Association, 1000 29th St., NW, Suite T100,
Washington DC 20007
Bat Conservation International, P.O., Box 162603, Austin, TX 78716
The Beaver Defenders, Unexpected Wildlife Refuge, Inc., Newfield, NJ 08344
Friends of the Sea Otter, P.O. Box 221220, Carmel, CA 93922
Greyhound Friends, 167 Saddle Hill Rd., Hopkinton, MA 01748
International Primate Protection League, P.O. Box 766, Summerville, SC
Mountain Lion Preservation Foundation, P.O. Box 1896, Sacramento, CA 95809
Primarily Primates, P.O. Box 15306, San Antonio, TX 78212
Save the Manatee Club, 500 N. Maitland Ave., Suite 210, Maitland, FL 32751
Feminists for Animal Rights. P.O. Box 16425, Chapel Hill, NC 27516
International Network for Religion and Animals, P.O. Box 1335, North Wales,
Jews for Animal Rights, 255 Humphrey St., Marblehead, MA 01945
Student Action Corps for Animals (SACA), P.O. Box 15588, Washington, DC
Animal Aid, 7 Castle Street, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1BH, UK
Animal Concern, 62 Old Dumbarton road, Glasgow G3 8RE, UK
Animal Liberation Front Supporters Group, BM 1160, London WC1N 3XX, UK
Animal Research Kills, P.O. Box 82, Kingswood, Bristol BS15 1YF, UK
Athene Trust, 5a Charles Street, Petersfield, Hants GU32 3EH, UK
Beauty Without Cruelty, 57 King Henry's Walk, London N1 4NH, UK
Blue Cross Field Centre, Home Close Farm, Shilton Road, Burford, Oxfordshire
OX18 4PF, UK
Born Free Foundation, Cherry Tree Cottage, Coldharbour, Dorking, Surrey
RH5 6HA, UK
British Hedgehog Preservation Society, Knowbury House, Knowbury, Ludlow,
Shropshire SY8 3LQ, UK
British Trust For Ornithology, The Nunnery, Nunnery Place, Thetford, Norfolk
IP24 2PU, UK
British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, 16a Crane Grove, Islington,
London N7 8LB, UK
Campaign for the Abolition of Angling, P.O. Box 130, Sevenoaks, Kent TN14
Campaign for the Advancement of Ruesch's Expose, 23 Dunster Gardens, London
NW6 7NG, UK
Campaign to End Fraudulent Medical Research, P.O. Box 302, London N8 9HD,
Cat's Protection League, 17 King's Road, Horsham, West Sussex RH13 5PN,
CIVIS, P.O. Box 338, London E8 2AL, UK
Disabled Against Animal Research and Exploitation, P.O. Box 8, Daventry,
Northamptonshire NN11 4QR, UK
Donkey Sanctuary, Slade House Farm, Salcombe Regis, Sidmouth, Devon EX10
Dr. Hadwen Trust for Humane Research, 6c Brand Street, Hitchin, Hertfortshire
SG5 1HX, UK
Earthkind, Humane Education Centre, Bounds Green Road, London N22 4EU,
Elefriends, Cherry Tree Cottage, Coldharbour, NR Dorking, Surrey RH5 6HA,
Environmental Investigation Agency, 2 Pear Tree Court, London EC1R 0DS,
Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments, Eastgate House,
34 Stoney Street, Nottingham NG1 1NB, UK
Green Party Animal Rights Working Party, 23 Highfield South, Rock Ferry,
Wirral L42 4NA, UK
Horses and Ponies Protection Association, Happa House, 64 Station Road,
Padiham, N. Burnley, Lancashire BB12 8EF, UK
Humane Research Trust, Brook House, 29 Bramhall Lane South, Bramhall,
Stockport, Cheshire SK7 2DN, UK
Hunt Saboteurs Association, P.O. Box 1, Carlton, Nottingham NG4 2JY, UK
International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals, P.O.
Box 215, St Albans, Herts AL3 4PU, UK
International Primate Protection League, 116 Judd Street, London WC1H
League Against Cruel Sports, 83-87 Union Street, London SE1 1SG, UK
International League of Doctors for the Abolition of Vivisection, UK Office,
Lynmouth, Devon EX35 6EE, UK
National Anti-Vivisection Society, Ravenside, 261 Goldhawk Road, London
W12 9PE, UK
National Canine Defence League, 1 Pratt Mews, London NW1 0AD, UK
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, P.O. Box 3169, London NW6
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire
SG19 2DL, UK
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Causeway, Horsham,
West Sussex RH12 1HG, UK
Student Campaign For Animal Rights, P.O. Box 155, Manchester M60 1FT,
Teachers For Animal Rights, 29 Lynwood Road. London SW17 8SB, UK
Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, 19A James Street, Bath, Avon BA1
Zoocheck, Cherry Tree Cottage, Coldharbour, Dorking, Surrey CR0 2TF, UK
Back to Questions
#94 Can you give a brief
Who's Who of the AR movement?
TOM REGAN -- Professor of Philosophy at North Carolina State University.
His book "The Case For Animal Rights" is arguably the single
best recent work on animal rights. It is a demanding text but one that
is well worth the effort to read and study carefully. Everybody that is
seriously interested in the issues should read this rigorously argued
case for AR. It starts with some core concepts of inherent value theory,
the same concepts that played an important and significant role in the
progress of human civil liberties since the 17th century and which began
to be extended to nonhumans during the 19th century. The notion of inherent
value continues to be vital and important for progress in both human and
animal rights. A less demanding but still informative book by Regan is
"The Struggle for Animal Rights". One might wish to first read
this book before tackling Regan's more difficult text.
PETER SINGER -- Professor of Philosophy at Monash University, Melbourne.
Singer is best known for his book "Animal Liberation", probably
the most widely read book on AR philosophy. Singer, unlike Regan, is not
an abolitionist as many people incorrectly surmise. His utilitarian position
allows for the possibility or necessity of killing animals under certain
circumstances. What is often lost sight of is that the obvious and patent
abuses of animals covers so much ground that both Regan and Singer share
common views on far more issues than those on which they differ. Other
important books by Singer include "In Defense of Animals" and
MARY MIDGLEY -- Senior Lecturer of Philosophy at the University of Newcastle.
Midgley's book "Beast and Man" has not been given the attention
that it deserves. She deals with the contemporary facts of biology and
ethology head-on to provide an ethical argument for the respectful treatment
of animals that takes seriously scientific discoveries and thoughts about
animals. The "Humean fork" (or so-called logical divide) between
facts and values is here carefully crossed by observing that we are foremost
"animals" ourselves and that the similarities between ourselves
and other animals is more important and relevant for our ethics and self-understanding
than are the often over-inflated differences.
CAROL ADAMS -- Adams' book "The Sexual Politics of Meat" has
made a valuable contribution in combining cultural and ethical analysis
by pointing out the political implications of the metaphors we unthinkingly
employ. The primary metaphors she analyses in her book relate to meat.
Such metaphors have been applied to women, but the most insidious aspect
of the metaphors is the way that they hide the life that is killed to
produce meat. Instead of "cow", we have "beef" on
our plates. Adams argues that the system that kills animals is the same
system that oppresses women; hence, there is an important and striking
connection between vegetarianism and feminism.
RICHARD RYDER -- Senior Clinical Psychologist at Warneford Hospital,
Oxford. Ryder is the originator of the key term "speciesism".
Ryder's book "Animal Revolution" provides both an historical
perspective and a critical analysis of animal welfare and attitudes towards
HENRY SALT -- 1851-1939. Salt was a remarkable social reformer who championed
the humane reform of schools, prisons, society, and our treatment of animals.
He also exerted a critical and important influence upon Gandhi. His book
"Animals' Rights" was the first to use that title and therein
he gives voice to almost all of the essential arguments for AR that we
see being advanced and refined today. The book provides an excellent biography
of earlier European writers on animal issues during the 18th and 19th
VICTORIA MORAN -- Moran's book "Compassion the Ultimate Ethic"
makes a fine contribution regarding the less discursive but perhaps more
fundamental intuitive basis for animal rights.
MARJORIE SPIEGEL -- Spiegel's book "The Dreaded Comparison"
is a slim but courageous volume comparing the treatment of African-American
slaves and the treatment of nonhuman animals. In text and pictures, Spiegel
discloses remarkable similarities between the two systems. A picture of
slaves packed into a slave ship is matched with a photograph of battery
hens. A picture of a woman in a muzzle is paired with a picture of a dog
in a muzzle. The parallels are striking and revealing. Few other writers
have been as open or as unequivocal as Spiegel in likening cruelty to
animals to traffic in human beings. --TA
It is hard to keep a Who's-Who list at a reasonable length. Here are
a few other prominent people:
STEPHEN R. L. CLARK -- Professor of Philosophy at Liverpool University.
MICHAEL W. FOX -- Vice President of Humane Society of the US, nationally
known veterinarian, and AR activist.
RONNIE LEE -- Founder of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF).
JIM MASON -- Attorney and journalist.
INGRID NEWKIRK -- Co-founder of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
(PETA); prominent activist.
ALEX PACHECO -- Co-founder of PETA; exposer of the Silver Spring monkeys
Back to Questions
#95 What can I do in
my daily life to help animals?
Indeed, the buck must first stop here in our own daily lives with the
elimination or reduction of actions that contribute to the abuse and exploitation
Probably the single most important thing you can do to save animals,
help the ecology of the planet, and even improve your own health, is to
BECOME A VEGETARIAN. It is said that "we are what we eat". More
accurately, "we are what we do" and what we do in order to eat
has a profound consequence on our self-definition as a compassionate person.
As long as we eat meat, we share complicity in the intentional slaughter
of countless animals and destruction of the environment for clearly trivial
Why trivial? No human has died from want of satisfying a so-called "Mac
Attack", but countless cows have died in order to satisfy our palates.
On a more positive note, vegetarians report that one's taste and enjoyment
of food is actually enhanced by eliminating animal products. Indeed, a
vegetarian diet is not a diet of deprivation; far from it. Vegetarians
actually eat a GREATER variety of foods than do meat-eaters. Maybe the
best kept culinary secret is that the really "boring" diet actually
turns out to be the traditional meat-centered diet.
Next, STOP BUYING ANIMAL PRODUCTS LIKE FUR OR LEATHER. There are plenty
of good plant and synthetic materials that serve as excellent materials
for fabrics and shoes. Indeed, all the major brands of high-quality running
shoes are now turning to the use of human-made materials. (Why? Because
they are lighter than leather and don't warp or get stiff after getting
There are many less obvious animal products that are being used in many
of our everyday household and personal products. After first attending
to those obvious and most visible products like leather and fur, then
consider what you can do to reduce or eliminate your dependency on products
that may contain needless animal ingredients or were brought to market
using animal testing. Two very good product guides are:
Shopping Guide for the Caring Consumer, PETA, 1994.
A Shopper's Guide to Cruelty-Free Products, Lori Cook, 1991.
Then GET INFORMED AND READ AS MUCH AS YOU CAN ON THE ISSUE OF ANIMAL
RIGHTS. Besides reading about animal rights from the major theorists,
also read practical guides and periodicals. Question #92 lists many appropriate
books and periodicals.
Finally, you can GET INVOLVED IN A LOCAL ANIMAL RIGHTS OR ANIMAL WELFARE
ORGANIZATION. Alternatively, if you lack the time, consider giving donations
to those organizations whose good work on behalf of animals is something
you appreciate and wish to materially support. --TA
SEE ALSO: #87,
Back to Questions
#96 I have read this
FAQ and I am not convinced. Humans are humans, animals are animals; is
it so difficult to see that?
This FAQ cannot reflect the full variety of paths which have led people
to support the concept of Animal Rights. A more complete compilation would
include, for instance, religious arguments. For example, some Eastern
religions stress the importance of the duties of humans toward animals.
A Christian case for Animal Rights has been presented. Also, legal arguments
have been put forward, by some barristers in the UK, for instance.
Still, some people may remain skeptical about the viability of all of
these other approaches as well. For those people, here is a short quiz:
What is wrong with cannibalism?
What is wrong with slavery?
What is wrong with racial prejudice?
What is wrong with sexual discrimination?
What is wrong with killing children or the mentally ill?
What is wrong with the Nazi experiments on humans?
Animal Rights proponents can reply instantly and consistently. Can you?
Do your answers involve qualities that, if you are objective about it,
can be seen to apply to animals? For example, were the Nazi experiments
wrong because the subjects were human, or because the subjects were harmed???
It is not difficult to see that humans are humans and animals are animals.
What is difficult to see is how this amounts to anything more than an
empty tautology! If there are relevant differences that justify differences
in treatment, then let's hear them. AR opponents have consistently failed
to support the differences in treatment of humans versus animals with
relevant differences in capacities.
Yes, an animal is an animal, but it can still suffer terribly from our
brutality and lack of compassion. --DG
"I am in favor of animal rights as well as human rights. That is
the way of a whole human being." --Abraham Lincoln (16th U.S. President)
"[The day should come when] all of the forms of life...will stand
before the court--the pileated woodpecker as well as the coyote and bear,
the lemmings as well as the trout in the streams." --William O. Douglas
(late U.S. Supreme Court Justice
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